Transportation Network Company Bill Supported by Uber Moves to House Vote in Michigan
On December 4, Michigan’s House Energy and Technology Committee approved HB 5951. The bill provides for state regulation of transportation network companies such as Lyft and Uber. Uber supports the bill because it is consistent with its existing practices. The bill would supersede any local regulations, such as the city regulations underlying Ann Arbor’s cease and desist letters to Uber and Lyft earlier this year.
Overview of HB 5951
HB 5951 directs the state to issue permits to any transportation network company that meets certain requirements, including:
- the company carries insurance meeting certain minimum coverage thresholds;
- drivers are at least 21 years old;
- each driver maintains a Michigan chauffeur’s license;
- the company performs background checks on and collects driver history reports from each drive;
- that each driver vehicle undergoes a yearly safety inspection.
As reported here by Mlive, Michael White, manager of Uber’s Michigan operations, says Uber supports the bill and that Uber’s current practices are largely consistent with the bill’s requirements.
Existing Local Regulations
Currently, various municipalities provide their own regulations purported to cover ride-sharing services such as Uber or Lyft. For example, as widely reported by outlets such as Business Week and MLive, on May 14 the city of Ann Arbor issued cease and desist letters to Uber and Lyft. Other cities in Michigan, permitted Uber and Lyft to operate. For example, Detroit entered into an operating agreement with these companies to permit their operation. Section 11 of HB 5951 provides: “A local unit of government shall not enact or enforce an ordinance regulating a transportation network company.” Accordingly, HB 5951 effectively trumps any local ordinances such as those of Ann Arbor seeking to restrict Lyft or Uber from operating.
Uber Urges Support for HB 5951
Beyond Michael White’s strong testimony in favor of HB 5951 at the committee level, today Uber also launched a marketing campaign urging its users to email their state representatives in support of HB 5951. Michigan Uber users were emailed information about 5951, and a one-click mechanism for emailing the appropriate state representative.
- the bill does not require companies like Uber and Lyft to have large enough insurance policies;
- the bill is unfair to taxi and limousine services that remain subject to harsher regulations; and
- the bill may undo some beneficial regulations on limousine services (see the comments here).
In the end, Michigan’s legislature will have the final say. The bill appears to have momentum and some have noted they expect it to become law before the end of the year.